BARATZ, JOSEPH (1890–1968), Zionist labor leader; a founder of the collective settlement movement in Ereẓ Israel. Baratz was born in Kamenets, Ukraine. In Ereẓ Israel, where he settled in 1906, he worked as a laborer. In 1910, he became one of the founders of the first kevuẓah, deganyah . He was a leading figure in the Ha-Po'el ha-Ẓa'ir Party (and later in mapai ), and opened the founding conference of the histadrut in Haifa in 1920. During World War II and the Israel War of Independence, Baratz devoted himself to the welfare needs of the Jewish soldiers in Ereẓ Israel, becoming chairman of the Israel Soldiers' Aid Committee in 1948. The Soldiers' House (Beit ha-Ḥayyal) in Tel Aviv is named for him. He was a member of the First Knesset. His books include A Village by the Jordan: the Story of Degania (1954), which appeared in 13 languages; and Im Ḥayyaleinu ("With Our Soldiers," 1945). His wife, Miriam (née Ostrovsky), was one of the first settlers of the Second Aliyah, living and working in Deganyah from its founding. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Tidhar, 3 (1958), 1402; B. Shohetman, Divrei J. Baratz (1950), incl. bibl.; D. Lazar, Rashim be-Yisrael, 2 (1955), 233–7. (Abraham Aharoni)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kibbutz — A kibbutz (Hebrew: קיבוץ, קִבּוּץ, lit. gathering, clustering ; plural kibbutzim ) is a collective community in Israel that was traditionally based on agriculture. The kibbutz is a form of communal living that combines socialism and Zionism.… …   Wikipedia

  • List of caricatures at Sardi's restaurant — The following is an incomplete alphabetized list of celebrities who have posed for caricatures at Sardi s restaurant in New York City. The single common denominator is that they have all eaten at Sardi s.The date or year each caricature was added …   Wikipedia

  • KHAZARS — KHAZARS, a national group of general Turkic type, independent and sovereign in Eastern Europe between the seventh and tenth centuries C.E. During part of this time the leading Khazars professed Judaism. The name is frequently pronounced with an a …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Sardi's — Infobox Restaurant name = Sardi s image width = 300px image caption = Sardi s Restaurant. Note the rows of caricatures visible through the upstairs windows. established =March 5, 1927 current owner = head chef = food type = dress code = rating =… …   Wikipedia

  • Index of chess articles — Contents 1 Books 2 General articles 2.1 0–9 2.2 A …   Wikipedia

  • KIBBOUTZ ET MOCHAV — L’instrument le plus original et le plus efficace du développement rural juif en Palestine fut, à partir de 1911, le village (kibboutz) ou les villages (kibboutzim) communautaires. Un réseau de ce genre n’avait pas été observé depuis le réseau… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • List of chess players — This list of chess players depicts men and women who are primarily known as chess players and have an article on the English Wikipedia. Contents A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z …   Wikipedia

  • HA-PO'EL HA-ẒA'IR — (Heb. הַפּוֹעֵל הַצָּעִיר; The Young Worker ), Ereẓ Israel labor party founded by the first pioneers of the Second Aliyah. Its full name was Histadrut ha Po alim ha Ẓe irim be Ereẓ Israel – and it was called Ha Po el ha Ẓa ir for short. Ha Po el… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • List of mini chess tournaments — IntroductionThe list comprises only regular tournaments with four or three players ( Quadrangular and Triangular ).The first international tournament with four players (two Spanish and two Italian) was held, at the invitation of King Philip II of …   Wikipedia

  • Бутми, Жан-Жозеф — Бутми Жан Жозеф Дата рождения 29 апреля 1725(1725 04 29) Место рождения Брюссель Дата смерти 1782 г …   Википедия

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.